Essential Policy Actions for HIV Prevention
- Last Updated on Friday, 01 October 2010 00:00
- Published on Thursday, 19 August 2010 03:37
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Essential Policy Actions for HIV Prevention include the following:
1. Ensure that human rights are promoted, protected and respected and that measures are taken to eliminate discrimination and combat stigma.
2. Build and maintain leadership from all sections of society, including governments, affected communities, non-governmental organisations, faith-based organisations, education sector, media, the private sector and trade unions.
3. Involve people living with HIV and AIDS in the design, implementation and evaluation of prevention strategies, addressing the distinct prevention needs.
4. Address cultural norms and beliefs, recognising both the key role they may play in supporting prevention efforts and their potential to fuel HIV transmission.
5. Promote gender equality and address gender norms and relations to reduce the vulnerability of women and girls, involving men and boys in this effort.
6. Promote widespread knowledge and awareness of how HIV is transmitted and how infection can be averted.
7. Promote the links between HIV prevention and sexual and reproductive health.
8. Support the mobilisation of community-based responses throughout the continuum of prevention, care and treatment.
9. Promote programmes targeted at the HIV prevention needs of key affected groups and populations.
10. Mobilise and strengthen financial, and human and institutional capacity across all sectors, particularly those relating to health and education.
11. Review and reform legal frameworks to remove barriers to effective, evidence-based HIV prevention, combat stigma and discrimination, and protect the rights of people living with HIV, or vulnerable or at risk to HIV.
12. Ensure that sufficient investments are made in the research and development and advocacy of new prevention technologies.
Policy through Prevention of HIV Transmission
The priority areas of focus for advocacy and resource mobilization are:
- Socio-legal issues relating to the access of minors to condoms and education about sexuality;
- Engaging parents and faith-based schools and communities in prevention initiatives such as abstinence and condom access;
- Removing social and legal barriers to same-sex relationships among men which drive the MSM community underground and influence poor propitiation of male prevention initiatives;
- Policies in support of positive prevention;
- Decriminalisation and reducing or removing vulnerabilities relating to sex work;
- Access to life and health insurance by persons newly diagnosed with HIV; and
- Access to prevention methods by legal and illegal migrants.